A: I assist the surgeon. When you do a heart operation, you have to have somebody of equal competence with you working at the table. And usually there are two. There's a first and second assistant, and I'm either the first or second assistant. And one does minor parts of the operation, like bypass grafts on a heart.
Q: I'm sure, with your experience, that your advice during operations is useful.
A: There isn't much of that. I'll tell you, these modern surgeons, you know that's like saying a fella who was a pilot in World War II is going to give some advice to a fella these days, you know what I mean? These fellas that are doing cardiac surgery these days have come out of a program and they're just as sharp as they can be. People often tell me, like you suggested, do you give them some counsel? Well, very rarely. That's a rare occasion. They're just so sharp.